We are currently reviewing our resources page, watch this space for a much more informative read.

The Land of Oak & Iron Local History PortalIn the meantime, you can visit the extremely interesting Land of Oak & Iron Local History Portal which is managed by Winlaton & District Local History Society and is packed with a wealth of information.


The Landscape Partnership is currently delivering 14 projects, a summary of these can be found here.

Read the Pontop Smithy, Dipton Archaeology Excavation Report.

When we were developing the overall programme we wrote the Land of Oak & Iron Landscape Conservation Action Plan (LCAP) which includes quite a lot of interesting information. Please be aware that this was written before the programme started and was aspirational, some things have changed and not everything will be delivered as stated in the LCAP.


Tufa in the Land of Oak & IronGeology is important to the Land of Oak & Iron because it has provided the coal, iron ore, water power and timber that have created the local landscape and industries.

Most of the rocks are from the Carboniferous Period, when this area was usually covered in tropical forests. The oldest of these rocks, at Shotley Bridge and upstream, are quite hard and were used to make millstones for grinding corn. In these same strata are the ironstones which were used in the early days of our iron and steel industry.

Lower down the Derwent Valley, the coal seams are thicker and more frequent. This coal fuelled the early industrial processes and produced the enormous wealth of the local landowners. It has left us a heritage of disused waggon ways and railway lines, most notably the Derwent Walk.

The Land of Oak & Iron Geology Survey.